Tag Archives: safety

Child Safety

The Many Facets of Child Safety

There’s a wealth of information about child safety on the Internet. One reason for this of course is the importance of the subject. Another reason is the extremely wide range of topics that fit under the umbrella of the subject of safety for kids.

Falls Top the List

safetyFalls are a leading cause of injury among children. In fact, falls are the leading cause of injuries for this age group. According to the Children’s Safety Network, a non-profit organization, roughly 8,000 children are admitted to Emergency Care Units every day because of injuries caused by falls. That’s over 3 million admissions per year. While the very young can sometimes survive falls without broken bones, their heads are not as well protected as is the case with older children. For infants and children up through 3 years of age falls are the leading cause of traumatic brain injuries.

Safety Around the Home

Efforts to prevent injuries due to falls should start as soon as an infant begins to start moving about, although the real dangers usually begin to surface about the time a youngster begins to start walking. Toddlers fall down a lot at first, although usually not far, and they sometimes have a bump or a bruise to show for it. If you have stairs in your house however, a toddler can fall a lot farther, and one of the first child safety devices that needs to be put in place would be a safety gate.

When an infant begins to crawl, it’s time to begin child-proofing the house. While stairs are a potential danger, so are electrical outlets, lamp cords, and anything on a table a child could pull down on itself. Most children learn something from being hurt, but there are times when an injury can be so serious that the fact that a child may have learned something from it has relatively little meaning. The importance of taking preventive measures cannot be overemphasized.

Insofar as injuries from burns are concerned, very young children are more apt to be burned by scalding liquids or steam than is the case with older children. Older children have usually learned to stay away from stove tops, and are less likely to pull containers of hot liquids on themselves, but they are more apt that the younger ones to suffer injuries caused directly by flame.

Not all of the accidents that result in burns are due to something the child has done. Many burn injuries are a result of smoking. While cooking accidents account for the largest number of residential fire-related injuries, fires caused by smoking, especially cigarette smoking, account for the largest number of burn fatalities among children.

Firearm Safety Issues

If the number of children’s deaths and injuries caused by firearms appears to be increasing year by year, it is because that actually happens to be the case. Most of the deaths and injuries are accidental, and most of these accidental injuries are preventable. Accidental deaths and injuries are both self-inflicted and caused by others. Most are unintentional, a very few are intentional. Older children are at a greater risk of death or injuries from firearms than are the very young. The most effective method of prevention is one of reducing access to firearms. This means among other things their safe storage. When youngsters reach an age where they can safely use firearms it becomes imperative that they are instructed in their proper and safe use.

A Multitude of Other Child Safety Issues

boyThere are many other safety issues that can be addressed, and all are important. Car safety is one area that receives a great deal of attention. Small children must not only ride in safety seats, but the seats must be installed properly. The use of seat belts can be dangerous when children are too small for them, and airbags can represent a danger to small children as well. When possible, children in safety seats should be placed in the back seat when possible. If it is necessary that they ride in front, it is much safer if they can be seated facing backwards.

As children grow older the need to be instructed in bicycle safety, and as they grow older still, using off-road vehicles safely is another potential area of discussion. Teens need to be instructed in driving instruction, and all children should be taught the basics of pedestrian safety.

There are more areas of safety that need to be touched upon. Doing so would seem to make the world a more dangerous place than it actually is, but children need to be instructed in such areas as sports safety, playground safety, and for some, safety around farm machinery and farm animals.

This may seem like a lot, but all the necessary prevention activities and lectures on safety are not done at once, but over the years as a child grows older. The goal of course should be to imprint the importance of safe behavior in a child’s consciousness as early as possible. Obviously, it will require a greater effort with some children than with others.

Taking care of skin tears

Skin tears can occur in any person, but people with delicate skin, the elderly and neonates are more prone to getting them than others. This is also because elderly people and neonates are often dependent on other people for their care and sometimes even something as little as a long fingernail can cause a skin tear. Depending on the intensity and the depth of the skin tear, it can be a serious problem, especially if not handled properly and with care. A skin tear basically occurs when trauma causes the upper layer of the skin to separate from the lower layer. If treated with care and precaution, a skin tear can heal pretty soon.

When a person gets a skin tear, the first thing to do is to stop the bleeding. This can be achieved by putting pressure on the wound. Once the bleeding stops, the next step is cleaning the wound properly and disinfecting it. The best way to do this using warm saline water. When cleaning the wound, it is important to do it gently. Rubbing the skin will only make the tear worse and the wound will become aggravated.
After the wound is clean, it should be covered with a bandage. Using an ointment is a good idea, but this should not been done without the consultation of a doctor. Once the wound is bandaged, the dressing has to be changed every second day. With skin tears, the chance of the wound getting infected is very real. When changing the dressing, it is important to check for signs of infection and to call the doctor immediately if anything is in an untoward condition.
Skin tears usually do not require sutures or staples, as the cuts are not that deep and sutures can do more damage than helping. If the skin needs to be patched up before dressing the wound, it is better to use surgical glue which is easily available and simple to use. However, if the tear is too deep and has been caused by blunt force trauma or an attack, rather than the skin being too sensitive, proper medical attention is needed and sutures might be required to close the wound properly.

Most skin tears can be avoided if the care providers are vigilant when handling the elderly or the neonates. Trimming nails, staying clear of sharp objects and gently handling the persons can make a lot of difference. Dry skin also contributes to skin tears so moisturizing the skin regularly can help keep it soft and safe from tears. Cortisone creams, used for an extended period of time, can also cause the skin to become more sensitive and thus susceptible to skin tears. Some diseases such as renal failure and heart problems can also put an individual at a higher risk of skin tears as the medication for these conditions and its overall effects have a negative impact on the skin’s elasticity.

Skin tears can occur anywhere on the body and there is no specific area which is more prone to get these. However, an area where there is already a skin tear becomes more liable to new skin tears.

Different Ways to Learn Self Defense

In the past, self-defense training used to be popular only among men. But now, there are many children and women even those pregnant ones who train for basic self-defense. Over the years, many people find it necessary to learn how to defend themselves in case they are being attacked by bad elements. Criminals now are more aggressive in attacking their victims such that they even attack in public places and in broad daylight. Some are even attacked inside their own homes. And anybody can fall victim. But the most vulnerable are young children and pregnant women.

There are several ways how you can learn self-defense. One way is by enrolling in a martial arts class where the instructor can teach you the basic moves to more complex ones. When you train in a formal school, there is a curriculum being followed depending on the type of self-defense you are learning. Normally, it also includes sparring sessions so that you can test the skills you have learned. Another advantage is that you could also make use of the facilities in the school such as the punching bags and other equipment.

Other people who like special training also employ a personal trainer, although this option can be more expensive. In the long run, it is also more beneficial because your trainer will be more focused on teaching you rather than teaching several students at one time. This approach is more applicable if you really like to master a particular skill or if you like to join tournaments.

If you have a limited time and budget but still would like to know the basic moves to defend yourself against an attack, there are helpful videos online that can help you train on your own. Many of them can be found in YouTube. Just simply search for self-defense moves and you will find numerous videos under this category. Aside from videos, there are also reading materials that teach about techniques and moves in self-defense.

Lastly, you could also learn self-defense by observing some animals known for their self-defense mechanisms. One of them is hedgehogs. Hedgehogs are exotic pets that are naturally shy and cautious because they are prey to bigger animals in the wild. When hedgehogs are raised as pets, they are normally kept in hedgehog cages by their owners. Inside their cages, they normally hide in their hideaways to escape from the peeking eyes of people. But when you let them out of their cages and they feel threatened, they normally roll into a ball with their spines becoming more pointed. This is how they defend themselves. Just like hedgehogs, you should also be cautious at all times. Be always ready with your defense so that anytime you feel endangered, you can protect yourself or the people with you.

Learning self-defense is beneficial for your safety. You have different options on how to learn it. You should be able to learn the basic moves so that you will be ready to protect yourself in case you are put in a situation when you have to do so.

Self Defense Against Dog Attacks

Have you even been attacked by a dog and felt like you were helpless? Dog attacks can happen almost instantly. You could be attacked by a seemingly friendly dog or a dog on a leash. You could be attacked during your regular run or when visiting a friend’s house. You could be attacked by trained dogs of criminals as their weapon. Dog attacks can happen anytime and anywhere. And if you don’t know what to do when attacked by a dog, your life might be put at risk.

If a dog is attacking you, it can be extremely difficult to stop it no matter how small it may be. Do not underestimate a dog’s size or weight. Even poodle mixes like a yorkie poodle may pose a threat to your life when they attack you. Also, be particularly careful when you are around certain breeds of dogs such as pitbulls as they are known to be ferocious attackers.

If there is a dog nearby and you are afraid that it might attack you, do not run away from it. The sight of a running target could trigger most dogs to attack. And they are fast runners and can easily overtake you. Instead, stay calm and be vigilant of your surroundings. Check around where you could safely go and protect yourself. And if you have a chance, get hold of any object that you can use against it.

An attacking dog is normally fast-moving and it can be hard to distract them from attacking you or anybody. If you fear that there is an imminent attack, your first line of defense if you don’t know how to fight back is to protect your neck and face by covering them with your arms and hands. Doing so can help save your face and your life. Just pray that a good Samaritan would come and help you.

If you must intervene, make use of an object you are already holding or have easy access to. It could be a key, a ball pen, an umbrella, a stick, or anything that you could use to stab into the eye of a killer animal if necessary. If you don’t have any object at hand, you should launch a kick aimed at the underbelly or head which are the most vulnerable areas of a dog. The base of the skull and the center of the spine and the groin are prone targets especially if you are not the ones being attacked but are helping someone under attack. To minimize risk or injury, keep yourself as far from the jaws as possible.

When you are being attacked by a dog, your presence of mind is important to properly react to the situation. You could call for help while defending yourself from an attack. You could also fight back with whatever object you can use. The important thing is to stay as far away from the jaws and to be always ready to protect your face and neck.

The Benefits of Teaching Children About Self-Defense

Learning self-defense is not only for adults. In fact, many parents encourage their children to learn basic moves at a young age. There are many schools which offer formal training in self-defense. Some offer weekend classes while others offer after-school classes.

Self-defense training offers more than just developing the skill that your child could use in case they are put into a situation where they have to defend themselves. There are many other benefits your child could enjoy during training.

The foremost benefit of self-defense training is that it helps improve the overall health and wellness of your child. Physical activities during training encourage movement of the entire body which in turns helps avoid obesity which is common among young children. It also helps improve their stamina to endure other strenuous physical activities they may encounter at home or at school. Also, these activities can help develop flexibility and coordination of the body and mind.

Self-confidence and self-control are also among the benefits of self-defense training. In training school, your child will be taught not to use their skill to aggressively start a fight but to use it to defend themselves. And that will teach your child about self-control which is an important part of a positive character. If your child lacks confidence because of constant bullying in school, their confidence can also improve with self-defense training knowing that they can now defend themselves against bullies.

Many parents also see great improvement on their child’s behavior and personality after several sessions of self-defense training. As your child trains, he will know the importance of concentration and focus to avoid getting punched or kicked. With improved concentration and focus, your child could use these new improvements to perform better in school because they can now concentrate more in listening to their teacher.

Other known benefits of learning self-defense among children are improved self-esteem, improved attitude toward other people especially the weaker ones, and improved attitude against challenges. Also, children who are skilled in self-defense become natural leaders in their school as they gain the trust and confidence of their fellow students. As a result, they also become more mature and able to know about responsibility at an early age.

With the widespread bullying in many schools, self-defense training is gaining in popularity nowadays. And while the purpose of many parents is for their children to develop confidence in facing their bullies, training offers their children many other benefits.

There are different ways on how you could introduce self-defense to young children. One way is through self-defense coloring pages. So instead of buying Disney’s Frozen coloring pages or Skylanders coloring pages which are quite popular nowadays, why not buy coloring pages that teach basic self-defense moves? They may not be very common but you can find them in many bookstores. These coloring pages could teach even toddlers some basic moves to defend themselves against attackers so that when they enroll in formal training, they will already be familiar with some of those moves.

 

When Treatment for Bruises May be Necessary

When Treatment for Bruises May be Necessary

 

bruiseTreatment for minor bruises is generally rather straightforward. An application of ice being one of the more commonly used methods. Although this is mostly to keep any swelling down, which can also at times keep the size of the bruise at a minimum. Most of the bruises we suffer tend to be rather mild affairs. They most often are the result of a bump or a fall.  Sometime you might even have unexplained bruising. The area that sustained the bruise will hurt at first, but the pain usually goes away fairly quickly. In its place, a bruise will eventually appear. The harder the bump, or the more damage that has been done to tissues, the larger the bruise will be. It may often be more colorful as well.

 

What a Bruise Is

 

In medical terms a bruise is a contusion. A contusion occurs when blood vessels are damaged to the extent they rupture. Most of these blood vessels lie just under the skin. For the most part they are tiny. The very smallest of them are referred to as capillaries. Should one or more of them break or spring a leak, it’s not quite the same as rupturing an artery. Nevertheless, there will be a loss of blood, which will collect under your skin since it has nowhere else to go. A collection of blood that lies just under the skin and is visible is what we call a bruise. When you receive a bruise it usually lasts for a few days to several weeks. The larger it is, the longer it tends to last. Eventually, your body reabsorbs the blood that has been lost and the bruise goes away.

 

There is usually no treatment for bruises that is needed when they are small, since they are generally harmless. Most bruises for that matter are harmless, although there are some exceptions. In general, the less harmful bruises tend to treat themselves quickly and efficiently. As they do so they will often change color. Color changes can sometimes leave you to wonder if something is going wrong. There should be no cause for alarm. Those color changes are usually an indication that things are going right.

 

The Transition from Red to Brown

 

When a bruise first appears it takes on a reddish color. This is the natural color of the blood, and the reddish color of the bruise is usually retained for a day or two. After that, your bruise may become purplish or blue in color. This is most often the case when there is some swelling involved. Swelling can cause oxygen to be cut off from the site of the bruise. When this happens, the hemoglobin in the blood turns blue.

 

The next thing that could happen is that your bruise will start to turn green. Green is not a natural color in the human body, or at least not one you’re used to seeing very often. The color green is often associated with something terrible like gangrene. That is something like what is happening here, but to a much smaller and usually completely harmless degree. The hemoglobin that had its oxygen cut off will begin to decompose. As it does so, it turns greenish in color. It’s not completely done changing color however. As it’s reabsorbed back into the body, it may turn yellowish or brown in color. Fortunately, all of these color changes are quite natural, and they are quite harmless as well. One could say that you body’s treatment for bruises is not only very effective, but quite colorful.

 

When Treatment May Be Necessary

 

Sometimes a bruise results from a more serious injury than a blow to the skin. Sometimes trauma is not a direct cause, and the bleeding that causes bruising is the result of a medical condition. When this is the case, treatment for bruises, and treatment of the underlying cause is often essential. If you experienced bruising without there being any apparent cause, you should see your doctor. Your problem may not be a serious one, but then again it could be.

 

If you’re experiencing multiple bruises that appear for no apparent reason it may be a sign that something is not as it should be with your autoimmune system. There are some autoimmune diseases in which the system attacks the body’s blood vessels, causing them to leak or rupture with the result being that of multiple bruising. If a bruise appears near your navel, and you have not experienced a blow of any kind to the area, it could be a sign of internal abdominal bleeding. If there is swelling in internal tissues or organs, that swelling could possibly cause bruises to appear on the surface. The bruises are harmless, but what is causing them may not be.

 

Summary

 

The bottom line is if you receive a bruise as the result of a blow or fall, and nothing appears to be strained, sprained, or broken, the bruise shouldn’t require any particular treatment. If on the other hand, you discover a bruise, and you don’t have any idea how it got there, it may be worthwhile having it looked into, especially if there is any associated pain that lingers on. If you suddenly begin to experience multiple bruising, you should definitely see a doctor.

Benefits of Self Defense Training on Children

Self-defense training is an activity that can be equally beneficial to children and adults. The more frequent you train, the more physical and mental benefits you will enjoy. This is especially true among young children who are still very teachable. Parents who know about self-defense could teach their children at home. But the more popular option is to enroll them in after-school training classes.

Here are some of the benefits that your child can get from self-defense training:

  • Safety

Children are most vulnerable and easy targets of criminal elements wherever they are. In school, they can be targeted by bullies. In public places, they are popular victims of attacks and even kidnapping. If your child has basic skills in self-defense, he will be more confident when facing bullies. He can also have a big chance of escaping from an attacker and seek for help.

  • Physical wellness

Self-defense training is a good form of exercise which can help tone the muscles, improve strength, coordination and balance, and promote cardiovascular health. If a child is obese, it is also a good way to lose weight. Various movements and styles involved in the training such as kicking, twisting and turning also help enhance the body’s flexibility and stamina.

  • Mental wellness

It takes more than just strength to defeat an opponent in any sparring session during training. It also needs quick planning, focus and concentration. When a child becomes good in these qualities, he can also apply them in school to achieve better academic performance.

  • Development of positive characters

Children who are taking up self-defense lessons tend to have higher self-confidence and self-esteem. They also become more responsible individuals as they learn to manage their time between school and training. Also, these trainings help them learn to become more respectful of adults and weaker people. All these attributes make them excel among their peers. Some of them even become student leaders.

Self-defense training really offers many benefits for children. There is no such thing as too early to learn self-defense. Even toddlers can learn it from their parents.

While most parents prefer to send their children for self-defense training when they are already old enough to go to school, you may start introducing some proper and basic techniques to them while still toddlers. There are many video materials that can help you on this task. However, it is important to always make sure that the children are in good health before starting every training session. Even minor health problems such as toddler constipation or diarrhea in toddlers may cause your little one to lose focus on training. Their health condition may also worsen when they are stressed out while sick.

Self-defense offers many benefits to people of all ages including toddlers and children. If you are interested to let your child learn about self-defense, options include training at home or going to formal school. But let your child decide on which type of training to choose. And always guide your child to use self-defense techniques responsibly.

Getting to Know More About the Health Risks of Tattoos

 

Many students in self-defense classes are proud owners of tattoos. In fact, it is common to find some men having one or more tattoos on their arms or chest. Tattoos are also as equally popular among women. In fact, according to one survey, the chest tattoos for men and side tattoos for girls are perhaps the most popular tattoos among those who have them.

chest tattooFor many men, knowing self-defense and having a tattoo is a complete package of a masculine look. It is becoming the “in” thing. And girls are following this trend, although many of them choose to have tattoos on body parts that can be easily hidden by clothes like at the side or on the tummy.

A tattoo is a permanent body art. This is done by inserting colored pigments into the top layer of the skin using a hand-help machine that works like a sewing machine. Every puncture of the needle leaves a tiny droplet of ink to the skin. And it is done without using anesthetics. Understandably, the whole procedure can be painful. But that is the easiest part of having a tattoo. Once you decide you want to get rid of it will be the hardest part. Tattoos are almost impossible to remove. Although it can be removed, the removal can be costly and there is no assurance that the ink will be completely removed without leaving a scar.

Additionally, having a tattoo poses some health risks which you should know about. It is best that you are well-informed so you will know if having a tattoo is really for you or not:

  • Allergic reactions – Tattoo dyes especially those that are colored green, yellow, red and blue are known to cause allergic reactions including itchy rash or redness in the tattooed area. And this can occur even after months or years after getting the tattoo.
  • Skin infections – Pain, swelling or pus-like drainage are just some of the skin infections you might get after getting a tattoo. And they could also go on for months or years.
  • Other skin problems – Tattooing may also lead to keloids or bumps. Keloids are raised areas of the skin which is a result of an overgrowing scar tissue.
  • Blood-borne diseases – There are also blood-borne diseases such as hepatitis, tetanus and even HIV that can be transferred to you if the equipment used especially the needle are not sterilized or are contaminated.
  • Other complications – In certain cases, patients with tattoos who are subjected to MRI imaging may develop certain complications such as a burning sensation or swelling. In some cases, tattoos may also interfere with the quality of image that can be generated by the MRI.

It is said that tattoos can be used to express one’s individuality. It is a form of art that may find favor in the eyes of some audiences. However, before deciding on getting a tattoo, you must first consider the inherent risks associated with it.