Monthly Archives: November 2013

Child Safety

The Many Facets of Child Safety

There’s a wealth of information about child safety on the Internet. One reason for this of course is the importance of the subject. Another reason is the extremely wide range of topics that fit under the umbrella of the subject of safety for kids.

Falls Top the List

safetyFalls are a leading cause of injury among children. In fact, falls are the leading cause of injuries for this age group. According to the Children’s Safety Network, a non-profit organization, roughly 8,000 children are admitted to Emergency Care Units every day because of injuries caused by falls. That’s over 3 million admissions per year. While the very young can sometimes survive falls without broken bones, their heads are not as well protected as is the case with older children. For infants and children up through 3 years of age falls are the leading cause of traumatic brain injuries.

Safety Around the Home

Efforts to prevent injuries due to falls should start as soon as an infant begins to start moving about, although the real dangers usually begin to surface about the time a youngster begins to start walking. Toddlers fall down a lot at first, although usually not far, and they sometimes have a bump or a bruise to show for it. If you have stairs in your house however, a toddler can fall a lot farther, and one of the first child safety devices that needs to be put in place would be a safety gate.

When an infant begins to crawl, it’s time to begin child-proofing the house. While stairs are a potential danger, so are electrical outlets, lamp cords, and anything on a table a child could pull down on itself. Most children learn something from being hurt, but there are times when an injury can be so serious that the fact that a child may have learned something from it has relatively little meaning. The importance of taking preventive measures cannot be overemphasized.

Insofar as injuries from burns are concerned, very young children are more apt to be burned by scalding liquids or steam than is the case with older children. Older children have usually learned to stay away from stove tops, and are less likely to pull containers of hot liquids on themselves, but they are more apt that the younger ones to suffer injuries caused directly by flame.

Not all of the accidents that result in burns are due to something the child has done. Many burn injuries are a result of smoking. While cooking accidents account for the largest number of residential fire-related injuries, fires caused by smoking, especially cigarette smoking, account for the largest number of burn fatalities among children.

Firearm Safety Issues

If the number of children’s deaths and injuries caused by firearms appears to be increasing year by year, it is because that actually happens to be the case. Most of the deaths and injuries are accidental, and most of these accidental injuries are preventable. Accidental deaths and injuries are both self-inflicted and caused by others. Most are unintentional, a very few are intentional. Older children are at a greater risk of death or injuries from firearms than are the very young. The most effective method of prevention is one of reducing access to firearms. This means among other things their safe storage. When youngsters reach an age where they can safely use firearms it becomes imperative that they are instructed in their proper and safe use.

A Multitude of Other Child Safety Issues

boyThere are many other safety issues that can be addressed, and all are important. Car safety is one area that receives a great deal of attention. Small children must not only ride in safety seats, but the seats must be installed properly. The use of seat belts can be dangerous when children are too small for them, and airbags can represent a danger to small children as well. When possible, children in safety seats should be placed in the back seat when possible. If it is necessary that they ride in front, it is much safer if they can be seated facing backwards.

As children grow older the need to be instructed in bicycle safety, and as they grow older still, using off-road vehicles safely is another potential area of discussion. Teens need to be instructed in driving instruction, and all children should be taught the basics of pedestrian safety.

There are more areas of safety that need to be touched upon. Doing so would seem to make the world a more dangerous place than it actually is, but children need to be instructed in such areas as sports safety, playground safety, and for some, safety around farm machinery and farm animals.

This may seem like a lot, but all the necessary prevention activities and lectures on safety are not done at once, but over the years as a child grows older. The goal of course should be to imprint the importance of safe behavior in a child’s consciousness as early as possible. Obviously, it will require a greater effort with some children than with others.

Tips for Learning and Using Self Defense Training

Tips for Learning and Using Self Defense Training

sparingThere is some controversy surrounding the employment of self defense techniques. With more states adopting a “stand your ground” law, there has been a significant rise in the number of incidents where individuals have used lethal force claiming they were merely defending themselves. In reality, there may genuinely be a few scenarios in which one may need to use deadly force in order to remain safe, but in most cases this is not necessary. Most self defense classes are designed to teach students not only how to defend themselves from an attacker, but also how to quickly identify safe places to run to and to have the confidence and quick-thinking to deduce the situation and to react. Defense training is not about abusing stand your ground laws or getting your own back on someone–attacker or not. It’s about learning how to react in a situation where you could be harmed or taken advantage of.
Continue reading

When Treatment for Bruises May be Necessary

When Treatment for Bruises May be Necessary

 

bruiseTreatment for minor bruises is generally rather straightforward. An application of ice being one of the more commonly used methods. Although this is mostly to keep any swelling down, which can also at times keep the size of the bruise at a minimum. Most of the bruises we suffer tend to be rather mild affairs. They most often are the result of a bump or a fall.  Sometime you might even have unexplained bruising. The area that sustained the bruise will hurt at first, but the pain usually goes away fairly quickly. In its place, a bruise will eventually appear. The harder the bump, or the more damage that has been done to tissues, the larger the bruise will be. It may often be more colorful as well.

 

What a Bruise Is

 

In medical terms a bruise is a contusion. A contusion occurs when blood vessels are damaged to the extent they rupture. Most of these blood vessels lie just under the skin. For the most part they are tiny. The very smallest of them are referred to as capillaries. Should one or more of them break or spring a leak, it’s not quite the same as rupturing an artery. Nevertheless, there will be a loss of blood, which will collect under your skin since it has nowhere else to go. A collection of blood that lies just under the skin and is visible is what we call a bruise. When you receive a bruise it usually lasts for a few days to several weeks. The larger it is, the longer it tends to last. Eventually, your body reabsorbs the blood that has been lost and the bruise goes away.

 

There is usually no treatment for bruises that is needed when they are small, since they are generally harmless. Most bruises for that matter are harmless, although there are some exceptions. In general, the less harmful bruises tend to treat themselves quickly and efficiently. As they do so they will often change color. Color changes can sometimes leave you to wonder if something is going wrong. There should be no cause for alarm. Those color changes are usually an indication that things are going right.

 

The Transition from Red to Brown

 

When a bruise first appears it takes on a reddish color. This is the natural color of the blood, and the reddish color of the bruise is usually retained for a day or two. After that, your bruise may become purplish or blue in color. This is most often the case when there is some swelling involved. Swelling can cause oxygen to be cut off from the site of the bruise. When this happens, the hemoglobin in the blood turns blue.

 

The next thing that could happen is that your bruise will start to turn green. Green is not a natural color in the human body, or at least not one you’re used to seeing very often. The color green is often associated with something terrible like gangrene. That is something like what is happening here, but to a much smaller and usually completely harmless degree. The hemoglobin that had its oxygen cut off will begin to decompose. As it does so, it turns greenish in color. It’s not completely done changing color however. As it’s reabsorbed back into the body, it may turn yellowish or brown in color. Fortunately, all of these color changes are quite natural, and they are quite harmless as well. One could say that you body’s treatment for bruises is not only very effective, but quite colorful.

 

When Treatment May Be Necessary

 

Sometimes a bruise results from a more serious injury than a blow to the skin. Sometimes trauma is not a direct cause, and the bleeding that causes bruising is the result of a medical condition. When this is the case, treatment for bruises, and treatment of the underlying cause is often essential. If you experienced bruising without there being any apparent cause, you should see your doctor. Your problem may not be a serious one, but then again it could be.

 

If you’re experiencing multiple bruises that appear for no apparent reason it may be a sign that something is not as it should be with your autoimmune system. There are some autoimmune diseases in which the system attacks the body’s blood vessels, causing them to leak or rupture with the result being that of multiple bruising. If a bruise appears near your navel, and you have not experienced a blow of any kind to the area, it could be a sign of internal abdominal bleeding. If there is swelling in internal tissues or organs, that swelling could possibly cause bruises to appear on the surface. The bruises are harmless, but what is causing them may not be.

 

Summary

 

The bottom line is if you receive a bruise as the result of a blow or fall, and nothing appears to be strained, sprained, or broken, the bruise shouldn’t require any particular treatment. If on the other hand, you discover a bruise, and you don’t have any idea how it got there, it may be worthwhile having it looked into, especially if there is any associated pain that lingers on. If you suddenly begin to experience multiple bruising, you should definitely see a doctor.