Child Safety

The Many Facets of Child Safety

There’s a wealth of information about child safety on the Internet. One reason for this of course is the importance of the subject. Another reason is the extremely wide range of topics that fit under the umbrella of the subject of safety for kids.

Falls Top the List

safetyFalls are a leading cause of injury among children. In fact, falls are the leading cause of injuries for this age group. According to the Children’s Safety Network, a non-profit organization, roughly 8,000 children are admitted to Emergency Care Units every day because of injuries caused by falls. That’s over 3 million admissions per year. While the very young can sometimes survive falls without broken bones, their heads are not as well protected as is the case with older children. For infants and children up through 3 years of age falls are the leading cause of traumatic brain injuries.

Safety Around the Home

Efforts to prevent injuries due to falls should start as soon as an infant begins to start moving about, although the real dangers usually begin to surface about the time a youngster begins to start walking. Toddlers fall down a lot at first, although usually not far, and they sometimes have a bump or a bruise to show for it. If you have stairs in your house however, a toddler can fall a lot farther, and one of the first child safety devices that needs to be put in place would be a safety gate.

When an infant begins to crawl, it’s time to begin child-proofing the house. While stairs are a potential danger, so are electrical outlets, lamp cords, and anything on a table a child could pull down on itself. Most children learn something from being hurt, but there are times when an injury can be so serious that the fact that a child may have learned something from it has relatively little meaning. The importance of taking preventive measures cannot be overemphasized.

Insofar as injuries from burns are concerned, very young children are more apt to be burned by scalding liquids or steam than is the case with older children. Older children have usually learned to stay away from stove tops, and are less likely to pull containers of hot liquids on themselves, but they are more apt that the younger ones to suffer injuries caused directly by flame.

Not all of the accidents that result in burns are due to something the child has done. Many burn injuries are a result of smoking. While cooking accidents account for the largest number of residential fire-related injuries, fires caused by smoking, especially cigarette smoking, account for the largest number of burn fatalities among children.

Firearm Safety Issues

If the number of children’s deaths and injuries caused by firearms appears to be increasing year by year, it is because that actually happens to be the case. Most of the deaths and injuries are accidental, and most of these accidental injuries are preventable. Accidental deaths and injuries are both self-inflicted and caused by others. Most are unintentional, a very few are intentional. Older children are at a greater risk of death or injuries from firearms than are the very young. The most effective method of prevention is one of reducing access to firearms. This means among other things their safe storage. When youngsters reach an age where they can safely use firearms it becomes imperative that they are instructed in their proper and safe use.

A Multitude of Other Child Safety Issues

boyThere are many other safety issues that can be addressed, and all are important. Car safety is one area that receives a great deal of attention. Small children must not only ride in safety seats, but the seats must be installed properly. The use of seat belts can be dangerous when children are too small for them, and airbags can represent a danger to small children as well. When possible, children in safety seats should be placed in the back seat when possible. If it is necessary that they ride in front, it is much safer if they can be seated facing backwards.

As children grow older the need to be instructed in bicycle safety, and as they grow older still, using off-road vehicles safely is another potential area of discussion. Teens need to be instructed in driving instruction, and all children should be taught the basics of pedestrian safety.

There are more areas of safety that need to be touched upon. Doing so would seem to make the world a more dangerous place than it actually is, but children need to be instructed in such areas as sports safety, playground safety, and for some, safety around farm machinery and farm animals.

This may seem like a lot, but all the necessary prevention activities and lectures on safety are not done at once, but over the years as a child grows older. The goal of course should be to imprint the importance of safe behavior in a child’s consciousness as early as possible. Obviously, it will require a greater effort with some children than with others.

Tips for Learning and Using Self Defense Training

Tips for Learning and Using Self Defense Training

sparingThere is some controversy surrounding the employment of self defense techniques. With more states adopting a “stand your ground” law, there has been a significant rise in the number of incidents where individuals have used lethal force claiming they were merely defending themselves. In reality, there may genuinely be a few scenarios in which one may need to use deadly force in order to remain safe, but in most cases this is not necessary. Most self defense classes are designed to teach students not only how to defend themselves from an attacker, but also how to quickly identify safe places to run to and to have the confidence and quick-thinking to deduce the situation and to react. Defense training is not about abusing stand your ground laws or getting your own back on someone–attacker or not. It’s about learning how to react in a situation where you could be harmed or taken advantage of.
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Defending Yourselves

What would you do if you or someone you love gets attacked physically by someone? You may think of it as implausible or absurd that such a thing might occur, but what if it really did happen to you? Well these kinds of things generally do happen all the time and it is best if you know how to protect yourself or others from it.

Prevention is Key

Prevention is the best self-defense against any would be attacker. All you have to do is put yourself in the perpetrator’s shoes and figure out how he thinks. How does he plan to carry out his attacks? Which victims does he choose to attack, how does he go about doing his attacks on other people, and many other factors going around an attackers mind.

Knowing these things will arm you with enough knowledge to somehow thwart an attack, but you still have to do the necessary things to fully nullify an attack from happening. Like not walking on any unlit or dimly lit places, changing your daily routes frequently, always locking your doors, never tarrying in your car for whatever reason, and many other precautions you may think necessary. You just have to lessen the chances of an attack from happening.

What To Do When Attacked?

But sometimes, whatever you do to avoid it, an attack happens. What then would you do? Well first and foremost, think if it would be possible to just run away from it and avoid any altercation. If that is not possible then think of a way with which you can defend yourself.

Search for any weapon like stones or sticks, or anything lying around which you can use to defend yourself. If that is not possible then you have to resort to also using force to defend yourself. Certain parts of the body like the eyes, nose, throat, knees, and groin areas must be the prime locations that you need to hit in-order to incapacitate your would be attacker. Just use enough force to create yourself some space for you to run away from your attacker.

Preparing for Any Eventualities

Or you may also want to take up classes on several martial arts and self-defense courses that are readily available in any localities just to be on the safe side. They will teach you many techniques on how to handle and get away from sticky situations and also tell you of what to expect with those kinds of situations. The courses may cost a little but they go a long way towards your general well-being if the said situations do occur.

It is also always stressed that you must have a clear mind when you find yourself in these kinds of situations, as it is of paramount importance that you be thinking clearly when under duress. You really can’t get out of a jam if you’re panicking right?

Always practice clear thinking as it would also help in other areas of your life and not just when you are in trouble. Stay in tune with your senses, meditate, or probably buy yourself the best yoga DVD while we’re at it, as those things really help you think clearly. Stay out of trouble if you can help it, but if you really have to, then go and do what you have to do as your life really depends on it.

Thinking Your Way Out of Trouble

Trouble seems to always have the ability to present itself when you least expect it. You were just happily minding your time at some place, doing your own thing and oblivious to the world around you, and then when you think that nothing can get between you and your happiness, everything goes south all of a sudden.

We live in a very random world where anything and everything could happen in an instance, even without you provoking it or having any part in it. Anything can happen to any one of us, at any time, so it is of paramount importance that all of us know how to defend ourselves at any given moment.

The preservation of human life is a very basic thing inherent in every one of us, that even if you do not know any technique or skills in fighting, chances are you will find a way to defend yourself. No one in their right mind will willfully accept harm to be brought to them without any resistance at all.

The human body itself, when it senses trouble, puts into action several mechanisms to help you either run away from trouble or meet it head on. It releases enough adrenalin to make your body work beyond their capabilities, it tenses your muscles in anticipation of you using them at any time, and it puts your brain into overdrive, that you are capable of thinking about everything at once and to also make decisions on the go.

But everything is relatively easy if you know what you are going to do to begin with. If you have had the proper training in these kinds of situations then you will have the greater chance of leaving any trouble unscathed. But of course, even if you have training but your mind is not up to it, then you are left with what your body is capable of.

The only thing that is important in these kinds of situations is your ability to think clearly amidst the haze of confusion that every troublesome moment seems to have. If you are not panicking, then chances are you might think of a way to minimize, if not totally avoid, being hurt. Having common sense is also very important here.

Think first if you can de-escalate the situation or avoid it entirely by just walking away or giving in to the demand if it is only valuables that we are talking about. Your best lightweight luggage, your best travel tripod, or your wallet for that matter, is nothing when compared to losing your life.

If that is not possible then assess the situation and think of the way which you could be harmed. Scan the area for anything that you could use to defend yourself, from rocks and other debris lying around to anything you could get your hands on to inflict hurt upon the perpetrator.

The purpose of it is to briefly incapacitate the offending party long enough for you to get away from their control and ask for help. Just always remember to never panic in these kinds of situations as panicking will get you deeper into trouble instead of helping you out of it. Having a clear mind in dangerous situations always increases your chances of surviving the ordeal.

How to Learn Self-Defense at Home

As people are becoming more conscious about their safety nowadays, self-defense training is gaining in popularity even among young children. Children are no longer safe at school and the number of criminal attacks is increasing by the day. Vulnerable citizens are prone to these dangers unless you know how to protect yourself.

When it comes to self-defense training, the best way to learn is from someone who is already a professional in this field. You may be able to find a school in your area that offers self-defense trainings. But while a live instructor is irreplaceable, you may also, for personal reasons, train on your own using martial arts books, Internet videos and other resources.

Training at home offers more convenience because you could schedule your training at your most convenient time without leaving your home. There is also a wide range of free materials that you could use. Most of them can be found online.

Here are some tips that can help you learn self-defense at home:

  1. Ensure that your overall health is suitable for the trainings. If you have a special health condition like a heart problem or high blood pressure, consult your doctor first before starting any formal training. Also, patients with hip flexor pain or those undergoing anterior hip precautions may have to postpone their trainings for a later time because there are certain moves that may not be suitable for them.
  2. Create a workable schedule for your daily practice. Allot at least one day a week and at least one hour per session to practice. Maintain discipline during trainings by strictly following your schedule just like when you attend formal class.
  3. Prepare your training materials for each session. You may download videos in advance or read materials about certain moves that you like to practice for a particular session.
  4. Designate a special place in your home where you can practice. Invest also in special equipment such as a punching bag which is helpful during training.
  5. Begin each training session with warm up and stretching exercises. They are helpful to avoid muscle pain especially in the hip flexor after your training, aside from overstretching your muscles during actual training.
  6. While a punching bag can help you during practice, it is still best if you could ask someone to be your sparring partner from time to time so that you can test your progress. It should be someone who is also knowledgeable about self-defense and not just anybody with no experience. During sparring sessions, be sure to use safety equipment and appropriate gears such as feet protection and gloves. Also practice caution whenever you engage in sparring. Be always ready to protect yourself from kicks and punches.
  7. Establish your routine, and as much as possible, stick to your schedule during training.

Learning self-defense offers a number of benefits. Aside from protection against possible attacks, it is also a good form of exercise. You could train for self-defense and be able to maintain your overall physical wellness while learning how to protect yourself.

Different Ways to Prevent Fatty Liver Disease

A fatty liver disease is one of the most common diseases that cause liver pain. It is classified into alcoholic and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Those who are diagnosed with non-alcoholic fatty liver are normally advised to have a change of eating habit and be involved in various physical activities including regular exercises, sports, martial arts or self-defense.

Many people who train for self-defense may have experienced painful liver in the past before they got involved in self-defense training. Because of the physical activities they undergo, many are able to fully prevent experiencing painful liver again. But although it is a popular disease, not many people fully understand what a fatty liver disease is.

A fatty liver disease is a condition where there is fat buildup in the liver cells. This may be caused by drinking too much alcohol or by reasons that are unrelated to alcohol such as being overweight or obese. If not treated promptly and properly, a fatty liver disease can advance into a more serious disease such as liver cancer or cirrhosis of the liver. An alcoholic fatty liver can be prevented by avoiding or totally stopping the consumption of alcohol, while a non-alcoholic fatty liver can be prevented in several other ways.

Most of the patients who are diagnosed with a non-alcoholic fatty liver disease are obese or overweight. Fortunately, losing weight can help reverse your condition. According to a study published in the Hepatology Journal, weight loss can help reverse non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases. Additionally, the American Gastroenterological Association recommends losing weight by at least ten percent.

Another effective way to prevent a non-alcoholic fatty liver is to observe a healthy diet. Avoid eating foods that are high in cholesterol and saturated fats such as dairy products, processed meats, processed pastries, chips and fried foods among others. Instead, opt for fresh fruits and vegetables. Doing so will also help you achieve and maintain a healthy weight ideal for your age and height.

Lastly, to avoid a fatty liver, get physically active as much as possible. Exercise regularly, get involved in sports, or train for martial arts or self-defense. They are activities that can let you burn fats, lose weight and have a health liver. For a start, you can try at least three hours of physical activity per week. Then make it more frequent as your body gets used to it.

A fatty liver disease is a condition that can be prevented or treated but it can also lead to a more serious deadly disease if neglected. First, you must see your doctor for the right diagnosis. If it is proven that you have an alcoholic fatty liver disease, quit drinking. If you have a non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, you could lose weight, observe a healthy diet, or do physical activities. Don’t let this condition affect and enslave you. Knowing how to prevent or treat this disease can help your liver be back to normal health.


Taking care of skin tears

Skin tears can occur in any person, but people with delicate skin, the elderly and neonates are more prone to getting them than others. This is also because elderly people and neonates are often dependent on other people for their care and sometimes even something as little as a long fingernail can cause a skin tear. Depending on the intensity and the depth of the skin tear, it can be a serious problem, especially if not handled properly and with care. A skin tear basically occurs when trauma causes the upper layer of the skin to separate from the lower layer. If treated with care and precaution, a skin tear can heal pretty soon.

When a person gets a skin tear, the first thing to do is to stop the bleeding. This can be achieved by putting pressure on the wound. Once the bleeding stops, the next step is cleaning the wound properly and disinfecting it. The best way to do this using warm saline water. When cleaning the wound, it is important to do it gently. Rubbing the skin will only make the tear worse and the wound will become aggravated.
After the wound is clean, it should be covered with a bandage. Using an ointment is a good idea, but this should not been done without the consultation of a doctor. Once the wound is bandaged, the dressing has to be changed every second day. With skin tears, the chance of the wound getting infected is very real. When changing the dressing, it is important to check for signs of infection and to call the doctor immediately if anything is in an untoward condition.
Skin tears usually do not require sutures or staples, as the cuts are not that deep and sutures can do more damage than helping. If the skin needs to be patched up before dressing the wound, it is better to use surgical glue which is easily available and simple to use. However, if the tear is too deep and has been caused by blunt force trauma or an attack, rather than the skin being too sensitive, proper medical attention is needed and sutures might be required to close the wound properly.

Most skin tears can be avoided if the care providers are vigilant when handling the elderly or the neonates. Trimming nails, staying clear of sharp objects and gently handling the persons can make a lot of difference. Dry skin also contributes to skin tears so moisturizing the skin regularly can help keep it soft and safe from tears. Cortisone creams, used for an extended period of time, can also cause the skin to become more sensitive and thus susceptible to skin tears. Some diseases such as renal failure and heart problems can also put an individual at a higher risk of skin tears as the medication for these conditions and its overall effects have a negative impact on the skin’s elasticity.

Skin tears can occur anywhere on the body and there is no specific area which is more prone to get these. However, an area where there is already a skin tear becomes more liable to new skin tears.

Different Ways to Learn Self Defense

In the past, self-defense training used to be popular only among men. But now, there are many children and women even those pregnant ones who train for basic self-defense. Over the years, many people find it necessary to learn how to defend themselves in case they are being attacked by bad elements. Criminals now are more aggressive in attacking their victims such that they even attack in public places and in broad daylight. Some are even attacked inside their own homes. And anybody can fall victim. But the most vulnerable are young children and pregnant women.

There are several ways how you can learn self-defense. One way is by enrolling in a martial arts class where the instructor can teach you the basic moves to more complex ones. When you train in a formal school, there is a curriculum being followed depending on the type of self-defense you are learning. Normally, it also includes sparring sessions so that you can test the skills you have learned. Another advantage is that you could also make use of the facilities in the school such as the punching bags and other equipment.

Other people who like special training also employ a personal trainer, although this option can be more expensive. In the long run, it is also more beneficial because your trainer will be more focused on teaching you rather than teaching several students at one time. This approach is more applicable if you really like to master a particular skill or if you like to join tournaments.

If you have a limited time and budget but still would like to know the basic moves to defend yourself against an attack, there are helpful videos online that can help you train on your own. Many of them can be found in YouTube. Just simply search for self-defense moves and you will find numerous videos under this category. Aside from videos, there are also reading materials that teach about techniques and moves in self-defense.

Lastly, you could also learn self-defense by observing some animals known for their self-defense mechanisms. One of them is hedgehogs. Hedgehogs are exotic pets that are naturally shy and cautious because they are prey to bigger animals in the wild. When hedgehogs are raised as pets, they are normally kept in hedgehog cages by their owners. Inside their cages, they normally hide in their hideaways to escape from the peeking eyes of people. But when you let them out of their cages and they feel threatened, they normally roll into a ball with their spines becoming more pointed. This is how they defend themselves. Just like hedgehogs, you should also be cautious at all times. Be always ready with your defense so that anytime you feel endangered, you can protect yourself or the people with you.

Learning self-defense is beneficial for your safety. You have different options on how to learn it. You should be able to learn the basic moves so that you will be ready to protect yourself in case you are put in a situation when you have to do so.

Common Reasons for Tooth Pain

One of the top reasons why people visit their dentist is to get tooth pain relief. Tooth pain can be really painful and can affect anybody from children to elderly. While most people blame tooth decay for tooth pain, there are other factors that may cause it:

Tooth decay

Although it is the most common cause, it is not the only reason why a person may suffer from toothache. When the decay penetrates the inner layer of the tooth and deeper into the pulp, it could cause sharp and intense pain. Sometimes, if the decayed tooth is already infected, it can also result to tooth abscess. And when this happens, you may feel a pulsating and throbbing pain which makes it difficult to identify the tooth causing the pain.

Gum Disease

Advanced gum disease does not just cause gum pain but also tooth pain. When there is infection and inflammation of the gum, it leads to swelling and dull pain in the teeth.

Broken Teeth

For those who are into physical sports and activities like self-defense training, having broken teeth is unavoidable during practice or sparring sessions. Your partner may accidentally punch or kick you on the face which could result to broken or fractured teeth. Even if the fracture is not very deep, it could still cause tooth pain.

Cracked Tooth Syndrome

Sometimes, even if there is no obvious fracture or crack in your teeth and you don’t have any tooth decay or gum problems, you may still experience tooth pain. This may be caused by cracked tooth syndrome where the defect on the teeth is concealed. This condition normally happens when a person has the habit of chewing gums or grinding his teeth. It may also affect those who have experienced a past tooth injury or those who have large fillings in their teeth. Cracked tooth syndrome can cause severe pain especially when chewing.

Improper Oral Hygiene

Your teeth may detach from the gums due to gum disease or improper oral hygiene. As a result, the roots of the teeth become exposed, causing sensitive teeth to become painful every time they touch hot, cold or sour foods or drinks.

Impacted Wisdom Tooth

An impacted or misaligned wisdom tooth which failed to erupt in the gum line can be extremely painful. As the tooth tries to erupt, it can put pressure on an adjacent tooth, causing a dull pain. Additionally, if a wisdom tooth has just partially erupted, it is prone to bacterial buildup leading to infection that may cause redness and swelling in the gum area and severe pain in the tooth.


Braces can also cause painful teeth for a brief period of time. The pain is usually more severe when the braces were just tightened or adjusted.

These factors are some of the common causes of tooth pain. Different types of tooth pain require different types of treatment. If you are experiencing painful teeth, the best solution is to see your dentist for proper treatment.

Self Defense Against Dog Attacks

Have you even been attacked by a dog and felt like you were helpless? Dog attacks can happen almost instantly. You could be attacked by a seemingly friendly dog or a dog on a leash. You could be attacked during your regular run or when visiting a friend’s house. You could be attacked by trained dogs of criminals as their weapon. Dog attacks can happen anytime and anywhere. And if you don’t know what to do when attacked by a dog, your life might be put at risk.

If a dog is attacking you, it can be extremely difficult to stop it no matter how small it may be. Do not underestimate a dog’s size or weight. Even poodle mixes like a yorkie poodle may pose a threat to your life when they attack you. Also, be particularly careful when you are around certain breeds of dogs such as pitbulls as they are known to be ferocious attackers.

If there is a dog nearby and you are afraid that it might attack you, do not run away from it. The sight of a running target could trigger most dogs to attack. And they are fast runners and can easily overtake you. Instead, stay calm and be vigilant of your surroundings. Check around where you could safely go and protect yourself. And if you have a chance, get hold of any object that you can use against it.

An attacking dog is normally fast-moving and it can be hard to distract them from attacking you or anybody. If you fear that there is an imminent attack, your first line of defense if you don’t know how to fight back is to protect your neck and face by covering them with your arms and hands. Doing so can help save your face and your life. Just pray that a good Samaritan would come and help you.

If you must intervene, make use of an object you are already holding or have easy access to. It could be a key, a ball pen, an umbrella, a stick, or anything that you could use to stab into the eye of a killer animal if necessary. If you don’t have any object at hand, you should launch a kick aimed at the underbelly or head which are the most vulnerable areas of a dog. The base of the skull and the center of the spine and the groin are prone targets especially if you are not the ones being attacked but are helping someone under attack. To minimize risk or injury, keep yourself as far from the jaws as possible.

When you are being attacked by a dog, your presence of mind is important to properly react to the situation. You could call for help while defending yourself from an attack. You could also fight back with whatever object you can use. The important thing is to stay as far away from the jaws and to be always ready to protect your face and neck.